Melasma, also known as chloasma, occurs when irregular patches of darker skin appear on the face or forearms. These tan or brown patches normally show up symmetrically on the forehead, nose, cheeks, or upper lip. The symmetry of melasma distinguishes it from other conditions that can cause darkening of the skin. Melasma is a common condition that occurs more frequently in women. It can be brought on by sun damage or hormonal changes (such as with pregnancy, birth control pills and menopause). Those with darker skin tones are more prone to melasma than those with lighter complexions. Board-certified dermatologist Dr. Adean Kingston treats melasma and other pigmentation conditions regularly at her practice in Dallas, Texas. At Adean Kingston, M.D., PLLC, we offer a number of treatments that can help reduce the visibility of the dark spots.
"Great, as always!"- E.W. / ZocDoc / Jan 16, 2019
"I recently had Jeuveau to treat my crows feet, frown lines and other areas across my face. I loved how Dr. Kingston and her team were very professional and made sure I left loving the end result. Something else worth mentioning: unlike past places that I've been to, there was no bruising.Cannot wait to come back!"- J.J. / Google / Jun 14, 2019
"I've always had a great experience at Dr. Kingston's. Her office is lovely and she is very thorough with my skin cancer screenings."- A.M. / Google / Jun 13, 2019
"I went in for my second procedure this week and have to say, I'm blown away (again) by the level of care I experienced at Dr. Kingston's office! I was nervous before my first filler treatment, but their office is so discreet and sophisticated that I was immediately put at ease. Their staff is knowledgeable, warm and enthusiastic and I don't think I'll ever be able to see anyone else. I was astounded by the outcome of my treatment, and firmly believe their team would be able to consult anyone to achieve their desired results. I cannot recommend them more highly!"- C.G. / Yelp / Jun 12, 2019
"I recently had Jeuveau to treat my crows feet, frown lines and other areas across my face. I loved how Dr. Kingston and her team were very professional and made sure I left loving the end result. Something else worth mentioning: unlike past places that I've been to, there was no bruising. Cannot wait to come back!"- J.J. / Facebook / Jun 12, 2019
The exact cause of melasma remains unknown. Experts believe that these dark patches could be triggered by several factors, including heat and sunlight exposure, hormone fluctuations, a family history of melasma, race, and certain medications that make the skin more prone to pigmentation with exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light. Clinical studies have shown that individuals typically develop melasma in the summer months when the sun is most intense. In the winter, hyperpigmentation tends to be less visible or lighter.
Melasma is characterized by discoloration (or hyperpigmentation) primarily affecting the face. Three types of common facial patterns have been identified in those with melasma:
- Centrofacial – (center of the face) hyperpigmentation among the chin, upper lip and forehead
- Malar – (cheekbones) melasma patterns around the upper cheeks
- Mandibular – (jawbone) hyperpigmentation along the jaw
There are several options for treating melasma. To start with, prudent sun protection will be advised and Dr. Kingston may prescribe topical medications that can promote skin lightening and even out your complexion. Additionally, there are various dermatology procedures, such as chemical peels and fractional lasers that can aid in the treatment of the condition. Results can usually last if the patient maintains good skin care and sun protection maintenance regimen once their condition has been resolved.
Get a Professional Diagnosis
If you suffer from melasma and are tired of trying to cover it with makeup, or if you spend money on over-the-counter treatments that do not offer you the results you desire, we invite you to call Adean Kingston, M.D., PLLC to schedule a consultation. Melasma requires a unique diagnosis so that the correct treatment can be provided. If the wrong treatment is given, the skin could become darker. Dr. Kingston can accurately diagnose and treat melasma to produce a wonderful result.