Melasma, also known as chloasma, occurs when irregular patches of darker skin appear on the face or forearms. These tan or brown patches normally show up symmetrically on the forehead, nose, cheeks, or upper lip. The symmetry of melasma distinguishes it from other conditions that can cause darkening of the skin. Melasma is a common condition that occurs more frequently in women. It can be brought on by sun damage or hormonal changes (such as with pregnancy, birth control pills and menopause). Those with darker skin tones are more prone to melasma than those with lighter complexions. Board-certified dermatologist Dr. Adean Kingston treats melasma and other pigmentation conditions regularly at her practice in Dallas, Texas. At Adean Kingston, M.D., PLLC, we offer a number of treatments that can help reduce the visibility of the dark spots.
"Great, as always!"- E.W. / ZocDoc / Jan 16, 2019
"There was no delay for my appointment time. Dr Kingston was attentive to my needs and was able to to help me achieve excellent results. Five star service by her staff as well."- C.N. / Google / Aug 14, 2019
"Very nice office and staff! Dr. Kingston was very thorough and was able to provide me exactly what I needed for each of my concerns that I came in asking about. Would definitely recommend her for any of your dermatology needs."- H.W. / Google / Aug 13, 2019
"Dr. Kingston is very thorough, caring & made me feel at ease. She is very knowledgeable about dermatology!!!"- T.B. / Google / Jul 30, 2019
"Dr. Kingston was absolutely phenominal! She addressed issues I wasn't even able to articulate. She was very personal, patient, warm, caring and clearly brilliant. Her staff is equally as fantastic. I recommend Dr. Kingston to everyone!"- S.M. / Google / Jul 21, 2019
The exact cause of melasma remains unknown. Experts believe that these dark patches could be triggered by several factors, including heat and sunlight exposure, hormone fluctuations, a family history of melasma, race, and certain medications that make the skin more prone to pigmentation with exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light. Clinical studies have shown that individuals typically develop melasma in the summer months when the sun is most intense. In the winter, hyperpigmentation tends to be less visible or lighter.
Melasma is characterized by discoloration (or hyperpigmentation) primarily affecting the face. Three types of common facial patterns have been identified in those with melasma:
- Centrofacial – (center of the face) hyperpigmentation among the chin, upper lip and forehead
- Malar – (cheekbones) melasma patterns around the upper cheeks
- Mandibular – (jawbone) hyperpigmentation along the jaw
There are several options for treating melasma. To start with, prudent sun protection will be advised and Dr. Kingston may prescribe topical medications that can promote skin lightening and even out your complexion. Additionally, there are various dermatology procedures, such as chemical peels and fractional lasers that can aid in the treatment of the condition. Results can usually last if the patient maintains good skin care and sun protection maintenance regimen once their condition has been resolved.
Get a Professional Diagnosis
If you suffer from melasma and are tired of trying to cover it with makeup, or if you spend money on over-the-counter treatments that do not offer you the results you desire, we invite you to call Adean Kingston, M.D., PLLC to schedule a consultation. Melasma requires a unique diagnosis so that the correct treatment can be provided. If the wrong treatment is given, the skin could become darker. Dr. Kingston can accurately diagnose and treat melasma to produce a wonderful result.