There are many causes for hair loss, also known as alopecia, in patients and thus it is crucial to get an accurate diagnosis so that appropriate treatment is initiated. Alopecia areata is a common type of hair loss caused by dysregulation of one's own immune system and presents as rapid loss of hair within patches of smooth bald spots. Another common type of hair loss is a hereditary condition with a more gradual process of hair loss, that can begin to show up as early as puberty in both men and women, and is sometimes referred to as male or female pattern baldness. Other forms of alopecia occur as well and since hair loss is common and will most likely affect you or someone you love at some point, it is important to consult with a dermatologist such as Dr. Adean Kingston who can accurately diagnose the type of alopecia one has and initiate treatment. Schedule a consultation at Adean Kingston, M.D., PLLC in Dallas, Texas if you think you have alopecia or another hair disorder.
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Hair Loss Causes
Alopecia areata is caused when the immune system erroneously attacks the hair follicles, leading to rapid loss of hair. Androgenetic alopecia results from inheriting hair follicles that react negatively with dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a derivative of the testosterone hormone, resulting in damaged or scarred follicles. In both situations, the hair regrowth cycle is stopped and hair loss occurs. Telogen Effluvium is a self limited loss of hair, or overall hair thinning, that occurs after a significant life event such as after having a baby, loss of a loved one or being hospitalized for an illness. Further, some hair loss can occur from vitamin, mineral or hormone deficiencies and blood work may detect these issues and treatment can be directed toward resolving the specific deficiencies.
Hair Loss Symptoms
The major symptom of alopecia is hair loss. Hair loss usually is seen on the scalp, but might also occur on other parts of the face and body. You may first notice clumps of hair in your hairbrush or in the drain of the shower. Your scalp may be itchy or have other symptoms that should be discussed with Dr. Kingston. On examination, Dr. Kingston may see specific findings or clues that suggest one etiology over another.
Hair Loss Treatment Options
Depending on the cause of hair loss, different treatment options are available. For example, Dr. Kingston may suggest certain oral supplements if deficiencies are noted, or she may prescribe oral medications such as spironolactone and finasteride. She might suggest BioTe hormone replacement and optimization if hair loss is related to hormone imbalance. Topicals such as Rogaine or steroid creams may be used. Additionally, Intralesional steroid injections or even oral steroids might be a part of your personalized treatment plan. At times, PRP therapy, which uses your extracted growth factors to encourage the regrowth of damaged hair follicles, or even hair transplant surgery may be recommended.
Diagnose, then Treat
At Adean Kingston, M.D., PLLC we understand the confusion, frustration, and embarrassment that could accompany unexpected hair loss. We have made it our mission to not only help you understand why you are losing your hair but also develop a treatment plan to prevent further loss and hopefully initiate hair regrowth. If you are ready to receive answers and get the help you deserve, call us today to schedule your consultation. We look forward to meeting you!