Melasma, also known as chloasma, occurs when irregular patches of darker skin appear on the face or forearms. These tan or brown patches normally show up symmetrically on the forehead, nose, cheeks, or upper lip. The symmetry of melasma distinguishes it from other conditions that can cause darkening of the skin. Melasma is a common condition that occurs more frequently in women. It can be brought on by sun damage or hormonal changes (such as with pregnancy, birth control pills and menopause). Those with darker skin tones are more prone to melasma than those with lighter complexions. Board-certified dermatologist Dr. Adean Kingston treats melasma and other pigmentation conditions regularly at her practice in Dallas, Texas. At Adean Kingston, M.D., PLLC, we offer a number of treatments that can help reduce the visibility of the dark spots.
"I love Dr Kingston. After no help or success with a variety of other doctors, she solved my melasma (skin discoloration/blotchiness/sun spot) issue right away. She makes you realize it is possible to have beautiful skin and lays out the steps for you to get there. By following her regimen, I am now complimented on my skin for the first time in my life. I truly feel prettier every time I leave her office. She is also amazing with cosmetic procedures. If you want to enhance your appearance in whatever way (botox/filler/etc) trust only a Doctor for that...skip the less educated medspa. I highly recommend Adean, she is THE best! For medical and cosmetic procedures. She truly cares about you and provides you with options you wish you would have known about years before!"- Anonymous / ZocDoc / Mar 09, 2018
"Adean is simply the best. She treats your concerns as she would treat herself if they were her concerns. She is the only doctor to have solved my Melasma problem and given me guidance on so many other issues I have had. I cannot speak highly enough of her! The only doctor I have ever seen where I felt like they truly cared about me, my concerns, and my results. She's the best. I love her!"- Anonymous / ZocDoc / Feb 09, 2017
The exact cause of melasma remains unknown. Experts believe that these dark patches could be triggered by several factors, including heat and sunlight exposure, hormone fluctuations, a family history of melasma, race, and certain medications that make the skin more prone to pigmentation with exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light. Clinical studies have shown that individuals typically develop melasma in the summer months when the sun is most intense. In the winter, hyperpigmentation tends to be less visible or lighter.
Melasma is characterized by discoloration (or hyperpigmentation) primarily affecting the face. Three types of common facial patterns have been identified in those with melasma:
- Centrofacial – (center of the face) hyperpigmentation among the chin, upper lip and forehead
- Malar – (cheekbones) melasma patterns around the upper cheeks
- Mandibular – (jawbone) hyperpigmentation along the jaw
Melasma Treatment Options
There are several options for treating melasma. To start with, prudent sun protection will be advised and Dr. Kingston may prescribe topical medications that can promote skin lightening and even out your complexion. Additionally, there are various dermatology procedures, such as chemical peels and fractional lasers that can aid in the treatment of the condition. Results can usually last if the patient maintains good skin care and sun protection maintenance regimen once their condition has been resolved.
Get a Professional Diagnosis
If you suffer from melasma and are tired of trying to cover it with makeup, or if you spend money on over-the-counter treatments that do not offer you the results you desire, we invite you to call Adean Kingston, M.D., PLLC to schedule a consultation. Melasma requires a unique diagnosis so that the correct treatment can be provided. If the wrong treatment is given, the skin could become darker. Dr. Kingston can accurately diagnose and treat melasma to produce a wonderful result.